When choosing which way to go with a residential roofing job, numerous factors come into play. The time of year affects the decision of when to start a major renovation, especially here on the west coast. The major decision about what material to use for a particular roof can cause headaches if the homeowner isn’t knowledgeable about the standards. Shingles versus shakes, pine versus cedar; the choices can make an uninitiated person’s head spin.
Here we’ll underline the specifics of shake service roofing and hopefully grant some insight into the process. Knowing what to look for when it comes to your roof is paramount to having a quick and efficient installation and a great end result.
Shingles or Shakes: What is the Difference?
They both go on roofs and are both made out of wood, so why the different terms? What separates these two types of roofing materials are the manufacturing process and the standards applied to their preparation.
Roofing shingles are made by sawing both sides of the wood, creating a very smooth and uniform aesthetic. Shakes have a much different manufacturing process; they are created by splitting the wood to create a more naturalistic look, then sawing down the other side that is applied to the roof. There is an immediate difference between how the two look. Shakes are more suited to the rustic style of vacation homes or ranches, for example, where they blend in with the rural environment. The larger, heavier look of the shakes also looks great on bigger homes.
But the dissimilarities don’t stop there. From a size perspective, shakes are thicker than shingles, especially at the “butt” end of the wood. This makes them extremely resilient and also works well in more naturalistic settings and around large trees.
Service Roofing Standards for Cedar Shakes
Shake roofing has its own rigorous standards, which the material must be manufactured to meet. Shakes must meet certain requirements against the elements, such as:
- Wind tolerance – Must hold against winds up to 395 km/h
- Impact – There are two different certifications, Class 3 and Class 4, which deal with impact damage.
- Fire resistance – As with impact resilience, fire resistance is also split into classes, namely Classes A, B and C. These levels are reached by applying particular fire-retardant treatments, according to the specifics of the manufacturer.
Cedar shakes in particular have their own classification system, as per the Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau. There are certain grades of shake that depend on the type of grain the wood was cut along and the presence of defects. Usually, the cedar shake service roofing splits them into Number 1 and Number 2 Grade shakes, which can have a Blue and Red label respectively. Also, a Premium Grade exists that assures 100% edge grain, which differs from the others that may have flat or slash grain.
Talk to your Vancouver roofing specialist to narrow down the best options for your home’s site and overall design.
As a renovator Doug did many rot repairs which gave him a good understanding of where and why buildings leak, and how to prevent it. He realized the need for a different approach to roofing; one that educated the customer enough to make good decisions. With better trained installers and a quality inspection process Absolute Roof Solutions was born…” Read more.
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